A Review of Resource Recovery and Waste Management

A Review of Resource Recovery and Waste Management

Resource recovery is a strong domestic initiative for the reduction of waste that enters the environment. There are several effective strategies that will be enforced so that goals and objectives are met to ensure a greener future.

Resource Recovery Overview

Resource recovery is a concept in which refuse is viewed as a resource and consists of all remaining waste following the enactment of the three Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle) by citizens. There are a variety of technologies used by this method to decrease the amount of rubbish sent to landfills. These systems also assist with capturing recyclable materials from garbage and converting them into usage resources, like energy or composted soil. Additionally, these tools contribute to effectively recycling waste water for consumption.

More than two-thirds of trash material can be re-manufactured into a usable resource. Therefore, this idea is environmentally-friendly and cost-effective for participating organizations. Waste is significantly reduced, thus freeing space in landfills. It’s energy-efficient, while conserving valuable natural resources.

Resource Recovery Facilities

There are several resource recovery approaches including:

  • Bioreactor landfills: Bioreactor landfills are used to generate green energy. They capture natural biogas, which is converted into clean energy.
  • Composting: Composting is common in many backyards across the globe. It’s an excellent method of disposing of food and organic waste to create mulch for gardening and green energy.
  • Construction of resource recovery locations: These facilities sort materials specifically derived from construction sites, such as asphalt, brick, concrete, rubber and tiles. They may be reused to reinforce roads and in new construction materials.

  • Electronic facilities: Electronic waste that is collected specifically for recycling is dismantled to acquire aluminum, cables, copper, glass and plastics, which are reused in other products. 

  • Materials recovery facilities: Finally, these facilities sort all recycled goods, including glass, metal, paper and specific plastics. All non-contaminated materials are processed further and converted back into virgin packaging substrates.

How to Manage Waste

The waste management process takes commitment, collaboration and planning to be effective. Waste management is defined as the collection, recycling and disposal of refuse and materials. It is performed with the focus of reducing the effect of rubbish on the health of humans and the earth.

The most common disposal methods include landfills and incineration. The landfill disposal technique consists of burying garbage in the earth. This is a standard practice in most countries and can be inexpensive and hygienic. The incineration procedure involves burning the waste and converting it to ash, heat and gas. This is a controversial practice due to the pollutants it releases into the atmosphere.

Recycling is another excellent approach to waste reduction management. The two primary types of recycling include biological reprocessing and physical reprocessing. Biological reprocessing is essentially the composting of organic waste. Physical reprocessing is the reuse of waste substrates, such as metal, paper and plastic.